How To Partition Your Hard Disk

How to Partition Hard Disk ,Step by step Guide.

How to Partition Hard disk ? How many partitions do you need ? In my last post i wrote about the advantages and disadvantages of Hard Disk partitioning.

Disk partitioning is an act of dividing the hard disk in to multiple logical storage units which are referred to as Partitions. Its like treating a single hard disk as if it were multiple disks.

Now you may ask how many partitions do I need ? that’s a good question. Before you proceed to slice your hard disk in to (Partitions), think clearly what are your needs are. If your hard disk is 500GB in size (that’s a lot of space unless you are a gamer) write down in a piece of paper the number of Partitions you will require and what size each partition should be.

Well I can not write here as if it were the only options to have that many partitions. But if I am to partition my hard disk I would do this way.(This is just my way of doing, you may have your way, this post is just to guide you)

Oh ! wait a minute before we proceed further I have to tell you about the Primary partition and Extended partition.

In a hard disk when you make the first partition where windows (Operating system) will be installed becomes the primary partition. Which means this is the active partition from which your operating system will boot.

The remaining un-allocated space of your hard disk becomes the Extended partition. Inside this extended partition you can have as many logical partitions you want. As shown in below image.

how to partition hard disk

The part of the disk enclosed within the green coloured box is your extended partition, and as you can see inside that extended partition other partitions are there which are called as logical partitions. You can have as many logical partitions as per your needs.

But one more thing, you can have as many primary partitions as active partitions if you opt for multi boot disk that is installing more than one operating system.

Lets assume we are going to install only one OS , so how do we go about partitioning this 500GB hard disk 


1. Primary partition 1 for the OS = Size 100GB I feel that’s sufficient for the OS and program files I might install.
2.  After creating this partition, i would create extended partition for the remaining space.
3.  Once done, within this extended partition, I would start making the logical partitions as per my needs as follows

I would allocate about 20GB for DOCUMENTS.
2. Than i would allocate 80 GB for PICTURES
3. Than another 80 GB for my collections of MP3 music files.
4. Than another 100 GB for my Movie collection

5. Than another 80 GB for my software back up. Since you never know when you need that software to re install. Back up all your system drivers, Mother board drivers (don’t rely on your optical disks ) so its a good idea to back up your drivers that comes with your new PC be copied and kept in folders inside your backup partition.

6. I usually create an extra partition and name it TRIAL or EXTRA. This is where I keep my miscellaneous items like some downloaded pictures or PSD files that I work on and when done I delete the files. Just like a extra huge dust bin or like a temporary transit point. This is optional.

That takes up about 480GB of my space and i still have around 20 GB more free space. This you can allot according to your needs, for example if you have too many video collection allocate more space. If you have too many Music or Photo collection you can allocate the space accordingly.

Well this is just an example of how many disk partitions we may require. You can have your own way of allocating and naming the partitions, or even create some more extra partitions.

There are a lot of free software available for disk partitioning,but among all, One that stands out as far as functionality, reliability is concerned is MINITOOLS PARTITION WIZARD. I have been using this software for many years now. 

Mini tools Partition wizard Home edition is a free disk utility that has powerful partition management capabilities, compatible to both 32-bit and 64-bit windows installations.Partition wizard Home edition is a great freeware that can both simplify and enhance window’s capabilities. Its an all in one disk partition manager and does its job well.

I have already posted a Complete Review of  Mintool Partition Wizard Home Edition. You will get an idea of this Freeware tool’s capabilities and ease of use.

This Partition wizard Home edition is a very powerful tool and does the job neatly. This is a must have tool for every home user and its completely free.


Ben Jamir

Ben Jamir is the Founder and Author of Tipsnfreeware. He is a part time Blogger, sharing his experience and giving a Helping hand to Home users. You will find here the best Windows Tips,Tricks and quality Freeware.

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